jueves, 29 de octubre de 2009

Vladivostok International Airport, Russia

29 de octubre de 2009.
Vladivostok International Airport is located near Artyom, 44km north of Vladivostok city centre in Primorsky Krai, Russia. It was previously known as Kiyevichi Airport. The airport is operated by Vladivostok Avia.
It has airport two airfields: Lake Springs and Kiyevichi. Lake Springs is used to handle domestic airlines while Kiyevichi is used for all types of aircraft. The airport is a gateway to the far east of Russia and mainly serves Vladivostok. Over one million passengers travelled through the airport in 2008.
In December 2006, renovation of the domestic terminal transformed Vladivostok International into one of the most modernised airports in Russia.

Airport expansion
In 2008, the Russian and regional government unveiled plans to develop the airport in preparation for the APEC Russia 2012 Summit.
The $316m development project includes construction of an international passenger terminal, a control tower, a cargo terminal and a hotel complex. It also includes modernisation of the airdrome complex and the reconstruction of two runways. The project is aimed at increasing the airport's passenger handling capacity to five million a year. The expansion is expected to be completed by 2012.
The 47,000m² international passenger terminal, which will be constructed by Hochtief Construction, will be located 3km from the existing air terminal. It will provide facilities to process cargo and personal luggage and simplify border and customs control. The terminal will have passenger throughput of 1,000 passengers an hour and is expected to accommodate 3.5 million passengers annually. The terminal will feature energy-saving technologies and materials. A hotel complex at the airport will accommodate 400 guests.
The modernisation of the aerodrome complex includes reconstruction of its surface, construction of taxiways and parking ways for aeroplanes.
In May 2009, construction work on the expansion project was started by the main contractor, Inzhtranstroi Corporation. Construction of the passenger terminal began in October 2009. Reconstruction of Runway 1 was completed in November 2009. The concrete forming on the main control line and the runway extension work are underway.

Terminal features
The domestic terminal is a three-storey building of 11,000m2. It has a transmission capacity of 850 passengers an hour. The first floor accommodates eight check-in counters, a luggage handling system, ticket offices, information desks and a medical centre.
A mother and child room, shop, mini-supermarket, floral kiosk and souvenir shop are located on the second floor. The terminal also has a departure hall, VIP hall, news stall, toilets and a smoking room..
The three-storey international terminal is spread over an area of 4,800m2. It has a throughput capacity of 250 passengers an hour. It features ticket offices, a restaurant, communication centres, information desks, bars, a duty free shop and cash machines.

Transportation facilities
Buses and minibuses run from the airport to the city centre 24 hours a day. The buses depart from the airport's terminal square. Since there are no international car hire companies represented at the airport, passengers have to hire cars from local travel agencies.

The Lake Springs airfield has two 21m-wide runways. The length of the first runway is 1,000m and the second is 600m.
The Kiyevichi airfield consists of two 60m-wide runways. The length of the first runway is 3,500m and the second is 2,700m. The first runway is covered with a PCN 44/R/B/X/T (mixed) surface and the second with a PCN 28/R/B/X/T surface.