miércoles, 18 de marzo de 2009

Rafael de La-Hoz. TELEFÓNICA.

18 marzo 2009.

bra: “Distrito C” de Telefónica en Las Tablas, Madrid
Arquitecto: Rafael de La-Hoz Castanys
Ubicación: Ronda de la Comunicación s/n 28050 Las Tablas, Madrid, España
Promotor: Telefónica de España S.A.
Superficie construida: 390.000 m2
Directores de Proyecto: Hugo Berenguer, Siegfried Bürger, Francisco Arévalo, Miguel Maiza, Jesús Román, Carolina Fernández y Belén Rivera.
Directores de Gestión: Rafael Quintana y Manuel Doménech
Directores de Obra: Pilar Anastasio, Daniel González , Concha Peña y Félix Falcone.
Directora de Paisajismo: Marion Weber

Master Plan: Jesús Román, Hugo Berenguer y Margarita Sánchez
Arquitectos Colaboradores: Conchi Cobo, Beatriz Heras, Gonzalo Robles, Jacobo Ordás, Guillermo Vidal, Ascensión García, Javier Amrbruster, Karmen Marco, y Luise Wiegand.
Arquitectos Técnicos: Amaya Díaz del Cerio, Mercedes Esteban, Isabel Fernández y Rafael Vegas.
Diseño gráfico y maquetas: Luis Muñoz, Fernando Mont, Víctor Coronel, Diego Mordkowicz, Camille Vidal, Álvaro Rivera, Ángel Arroyo y Daniel Roris.
Project Management: Bovis Lend Lease
Ingeniería de Estructuras: NB 35
Ingeniería de Instalaciones: Rafael Úrculo-Pgi
Formada por: Dragados y FCC Construcción S.A.
Fecha de inicio y finalización de la obra: 2004-2008

Telefónica, la mayor empresa española, acomete el reto estratégico de concentrar sus catorce mil empleados en una única nueva sede en Madrid.

Tras un prolongado proceso de estudio de necesidades y definición de objetivos, se proyecta una sede-campus que hace compatible por su flexibilidad conceptual y su arquitectura homogénea un alto valor financiero, con una fuerte identidad arquitectónica.

Cuatro fases idénticas de tres edificios agrupados, ocupan los vértices del solar y como atalayas delimitan el perímetro del campus.

Al interior, los edificios de dirección, restaurantes, clínica o gimnasios, se sitúan equidistantes de las fases de la periferia.

Un único tipo de vidrio –creado especialmente para el proyecto- y una extensa cubierta de protección y captación solar, evitan una percepción dispersa del conjunto, cohesionándolo como un único edificio, como una única empresa.


martes, 17 de marzo de 2009

MuSh Residence by Studio 0.10 Architects.

17 marzo 2009.
Los Angeles office Studio 0.10 Architects have completed a home incorporating an artists’ studio and exhibition space in west Los Angeles, California.

The residence comprises two buildings with a courtyard between. A two-storey building faces the street and contains a garage, apartment and art studio.

The circulation and exhibition spaces for the owners’ artwork and collections wrap around the three-storey main house.

Both volumes are clad in zinc; glazing is framed with Ipê wood.

Images are copyright Fotoworks; Benny Chen and Studio 0.10 Architects.

The following text is from Studio 0.10 Architects:

A single-family residence designed for a couple and set in a postwar subdivision, a few blocks away from the ‘hip’ strip of Sawtelle Blvd. in Los Angeles. Considered a last bastion of the “traditional values” of home ownership, the neighborhood’s properties of mostly single level cottage typology have been predominately occupied by their original owners since their creation.
However, with the aging of many of the original owners and with still reasonable real estate pricing, a new generation of home seekers is buying in. Armed with favorable zoning regulations, many of the recent buyers have sought new opportunities for an architectural reconsideration of their property. Though still early in the neighborhood’s transformation, there is an emergence of a new aesthetic and potentially new synergy for a design enclave in the patchwork urbanism that is Los Angeles.

The neighborhood is largely composed of 50 feet by 150 feet infill and corner R2 zoned lots with a height limitation of 35 feet capable of legally accommodating three-story duplex developments. The uniqueness of the project site is that a second-generation family owned nursery with a low redevelopment potential borders it on two sides and offers extended outwardly views from within the lot once above the ground floor. The green visual field of unobstructed views of the neighborhood and the bordering urban fabric presented by the nursery also impose a surreal urban and visual presence back onto the lot.

The owners’ lifestyle revolves around the creating, exhibiting and sale of art and photography. As such, the project took on a complex and aggressive set of programs aimed at integrating domestic, entertainment and work activities. In addition, there were two unique requirements: one, the project needed to include an autonomous but fully integrated apartment for the wife’s elderly mother; two, after a decade of loft living devoid of access to exterior living spaces, the owners requested that the project be planned to maximize usable outdoor spaces for entertaining. Specific to the work programs, there was the need for an art studio for the husband, home offices and a dedicated exhibition space as an extension of the wife’s gallery business.

These programmatic parameters informed two primary strategies to organize the project. First, due to the restrictive lot dimension, consideration had to be given to break up the massing as a whole into parts to generate more outdoor space(s). This was done by shifting and stacking the program blocks to maximize the buildable height in order to minimize the footprint of the buildings to produce the required outdoor spaces. This strategy yielded the traditional front and back yard in addition to a large courtyard as a focal outdoor space. Second, in order to maximize display surfaces, the exhibition space was stretched as a three-dimensional trajectory of movement throughout the entire volume of the main house. This was accomplished by conceptualizing the exhibition and art viewing activities as a ribbon of display surfaces also doubling as the main circulation of the house.

The resultant project consists of two independent structures sandwiching a courtyard space. The street front garage/studio unit is two stories with a 4-car garage (doubling as an art production space), an integrated apartment on the ground floor with an art studio on the 2nd floor. The R2 zoning designation was beneficial in allowing the apartment to operate autonomously from the rest of the programs on the property and as such it has its own kitchen, bedroom and bathroom. The main house, situated in the back of the property, is a three-story structure containing the living, dining and kitchen programs on the ground floor, home office and a guest room on the second and the master suite on the third floor.

Once the site planning and massing agenda were established, consideration was given to mapping current and potential future contextual impacts onto the project as cues for formal manipulations and articulations. As such, the key strategy was to manipulate the circulation / exhibition ribbon element and use it strategically to articulate the massing of the project. The result is the wrapping of the circulation / exhibition ribbon on the periphery of the main house volume and using it as a privacy buffering “armature.” The final design accentuates the movement of the users transitioning between programs while also projecting the exhibition activities and artwork onto the exterior.

The two structures are clothed in a custom-patterned zinc rain screen to personify the monolithic quality of the volumes while the imprints of the circulation/exhibition ribbon are identified through the use of structural glazing framed with Ipe wood. The Zinc cladding is conceptualized and detailed as a skin - a simple wrapper. Its combination of differing size panels and a special depressed unit interacts delicately with the sunlight - offering smooth and pattern shadowed variations of the skin as the day passes. To protect the artwork, high performance glass was used to virtually eliminate the penetration of harmful UV light.


House at Sobral da Lagoa by Bak Gordon.

16 marzo 2009.
Photographer Leonardo Finotti has sent us his set of photographs documenting a recent residential project by Portuguese architect Bak Gordon.
Located at Sobral da Lagoa in Óbidos near the west coast of Portugal, the house occupies a plot between two existing houses.

Windows in the white facade are glazed in different colours.

A swimming pool on the roof of the garage overlooks fields behind the site.
The following text is from Bak Gordon:

House in Sobral da Lagoa
Portugal 2008
In a rural, vernacular village near the west coast, a white volume fills-in the void left between two houses.

The house has two faces: one facing the access and another facing the fields. In both cases, it’s the character of the coloured window openings that animates their composition.

The roof extends the house perimeter to the depth of the adjacent houses and plots.

Facing the fields, the pool sets the line of the horizon while giving a roof to the storage and garage underneath.


Torre de coches Volkswagen en Alemania: una atracción para vender más.

16 marzo 2009.

A lo largo del tiempo se han visto diferentes métodos de comercialización y publicidad para atraer clientes, pero nunca nada como esto. En los alrededores de la fábrica de Wolfsburg, Alemania, el grupo Volkswagen construyó el Autostadt, un parque temático enteramente dedicado al automóvil que ya lleva varios años en funcionamiento y que cuenta con la famosa Car Tower, la torre de coches.
La idea de la torre es hacer las veces de estacionamiento vertical. El movimiento de los coches depende de la fábrica o de los mismos clientes que pueden pedir que bajen cualquier coche para verlo o probarlo, previo “paseo” por el interior de la torre, mediante grúas que lo dejarán a su disposición.
Uno puede pensar en vez de coches, mini viviendas...

Sarkozy diseña un nuevo Gran París para integrar la conflictiva periferia.

14 marzo 2009.
10 arquitectos presentan los planes de una capital de ocho millones de habitantes.
Las propuestas son impactantes: el arquitecto Antoine Grumbach es partidario de que París se extienda hasta el mar a través de la histórica arteria que ha articulado siempre la ciudad: el Sena; Christian de Portzampac ha diseñado un metro aéreo de 40 paradas que rodea la ciudad como una cremallera circular. Jean Nouvel ha dibujado ecociudades en las islas del río a varios kilómetros del centro de París.

El británico Rogers propone equilibrar "los barrios pobres y ricos" de la ciudad
Diez equipos de arquitectos y urbanistas recibieron hace más de un año un encargo enorme de parte del Gobierno francés: imaginar y diseñar el futuro de una gran ciudad de ocho millones de habitantes compuesta por el pequeño París que todo el mundo conoce, de dos millones de pobladores, más el centenar de localidades que lo rodean, y donde actualmente habitan los seis millones restantes.
Hoy por hoy, París y su periferia no se entienden: los transportes públicos que unen una y otra circulan por lo general abarrotados, hay atascos interminables y existen ciudades enteras a pocos kilómetros de la torre Eiffel en las que las condiciones de vida son un desastre. En una de estas ciudades-miseria, Clichy-sous-Bois, prendió la mecha que en 2005 sacó a cientos de jóvenes de los barrios de la periferia a quemar coches en una revuelta improvisada sin objeto claro. Aislada, deslavazada, construida sin ningún plan urbanístico, sin metro, ni tren, ni plaza, ni centro, llena de altísimos bloques de pisos abarrotados de parados, Clichy-sous-Bois ejemplifica el divorcio entre las afueras de la capital y el París de las postales.
Integrar todo en un Gran París con vistas a 2030 ha sido el desafío de los 10 equipos de profesionales, integrados por arquitectos y urbanistas, pero también por geógrafos, demógrafos o, incluso, meteorólogos, que ayer presentaron sus proyectos de la ciudad del futuro.
El más original, sin duda, es el proyecto de Antoine Grumbach, que pretende crear un eje que enlace París, Ruán y El Havre. Así, la capital francesa se extendería hasta el mar. "Las vías navegables son las menos contaminantes", aduce el arquitecto.
El británico Richard Rogers insiste en la necesidad de equilibrar "los barrios pobres y los ricos". El arquitecto ha concebido un Gran París cosido por tranvías de modo que de aquí a diez años el habitante de esta ciudad pueda aparcar definitivamente el coche. También ha diseñado jardines en la superficie ahora inútil que ofrecen los techos y azoteas de las casas de millones de habitantes.

Otro arquitecto francés, Christian de Portzamparc, ha decidido encarar uno de los principales problemas de la periferia parisiense: todo pasa y ocurre en el centro de París. Para ello ha concebido una enorme estación de trenes en la localidad de Aubervilliers, a la que llegarán los trenes procedentes de Bruselas, Londres y Francfort. Para que la periferia bascule y se mueva de manera independiente del centro, el equipo de este arquitecto propone un metro aéreo que circulará paralelo al Periférico (autovía que rodea París).
Hay más ideas, como la de convertir en una suerte de Central Park rodeado de rascacielos el parque de La Corneuve, en plena banlieue, o la de dividir la megalópolis del futuro en 10 ciudades autónomas de 500.000 habitantes en las que nadie emplee más de 30 minutos en desplazarse de casa al trabajo.
La pregunta del millón, claro: ¿qué va a pasar con estos proyectos, alguno va a saltar del plano a la realidad? Nadie lo sabe por el momento. El Ministerio de Cultura recuerda que no se trataba de convocar un concurso, sino de buscar ideas ambiciosas (y caras) que tener en cuenta. Por lo pronto, Nicolas Sarkozy recibirá hoy a los arquitectos, y los proyectos se exhibirán próximamente en París a fin de que los estudie la gente que, para bien o para mal, los habitará.


Ordos Hilton Hotel by VMX Architects.

13 marzo 2009.
Amsterdam office VMX Architects have won a competition to design a new Hilton Hotel in Inner Mongolia, China.
The round, 32,000 square metre building will incorporate 300 hotel rooms, restaurants, bars, conference rooms and a sports centre.

“In proposing a round building, we take maximum advantage of the view in every direction, while at the same time minimising the distances between rooms and hotel functions such as lobby, dining areas, bars, concert stage and swimming pool,” say the architects.
The hotel will be located close to the Ordos 100 project, curated by artist Ai Weiwei, for which architects Herzog & de Meuron invited 100 young architects to each design a 1000 square metre villa. Scroll down to see some of the proposed designs in our previous stories.

The following information about the Ordos Hilton Hotel is from VMX Architects:

VMX Architects wins international competition for Hilton hotel in Inner Mongolia.
This weekend the developer of the project, Jiang Yuan Water Engineering Company, announced the winner of this international competition. VMX Architects will realise the Hilton hotel in Ordos, Inner Mongolia. Mr. Cai, CEO of Jiang Yuan Water Engineering Company, and member of the jury chaired by China’s most influential architect Qingyun Ma and Dean of USC School of Architecture in Los Angeles, praised the design and the creative energy of VMX during the presentation in Ordos.
Mr Cai has put Ordos on the map with the Ordos 100 project. For this he asked the artist AiWeiWei and the architects Herzog & de Meuron to select 100 young architects from all over the world to design a villa of 1.000 m2 each. Within a year since the start of the project a museum and a number of artist-in-residence studios have been realised, followed shortly by a restaurant and various housing. The execution of a large concert hall will begin shortly and the project for the Hilton hotel is also planned for this year.
The programme comprises a 5 star hotel with 300 bedrooms, diverse restaurants and bars, conference facilities and an extensive sports centre. The hotel complex is 32.000 m2 (gross floor area) and building costs are estimated to be 46 million euro’s.
VMX designed a large circular building in order to offer all the rooms a view to the desert-like landscape. All facilities are situated in the middle of the circle, protected against the barren climate of Inner Mongolia. Parking, kitchens and other service spaces are situated underground.
VMX didn’t only choose to design a functional (Western) project, but also gave the building various references to important elements of the Mongolian culture, such as the sun, the moon and the yurt, the traditional form of housing for the local population.

In commission for the Jiang Yuan Water Engineering Company, VMX Architects designed a contemporary international hotel for the city of Ordos. By not only relying upon the logic of and philosophies behind famous hotel concepts, but also taking into account the specific context of Ordos, the new Hilton Hotel aims on transcending the generic and at the same time symbolizing the spirit of Inner Mongolia.
The concept maximizes two existing qualities. The first is the surrounding landscape and the city of Ordos. The second is the adjacent country club functions, which are already foreseen for this site, especially the golf course.
The urban plan dictates a maximum height of only three storeys. Applying the average (rectangular) hotel plan would easily lead to long corridors, hence: long walking distances. Also, a rectangle is not the ideal form to integrate the building in the landscape. In proposing a round building, we take maximum advantage of the view in every direction, while at the same time minimising the distances between rooms and hotel functions such as lobby, dining areas, bars, concert stage and swimming pool. The rooms are divided over four levels, three above and one below grade. All rooms face the green landscape; all hotel functions are centred in the heart of the building. This inside space is designed as a spectacular collective world on its own, partly covered by a glass roof and so protected from the harsh climate.
In our design we intend to combine our rational, pragmatic, in a way ‘western’ perspective, with a more ‘eastern’, oriental approach. In our eyes, this eastern approach has a strong symbolic component. Considering this aspect we conceptualised the form of the building by referring to the Sun, an important Mongolian symbol, and the Moon from the nearby Moonlake. In its section, the silhouette of the yurt, the archetypical Mongolian settlement, can be recognised. The colours inside and on the outside of the building refer to the local natural colours of grass, sand and water.

From above, the hotel appears as a flower, symbolising its function of an oasis in the desert. This way the new hotel resort can be easily found by Google Earth, nowadays by far the most popular medium to discover exciting new worlds.
Client: Jiang Yuan Water Engineering Company
Location: Ordos, Inner Mongolia, China
Size: 32.000 m2

Hermitage Plaza by Foster + Partners.

12 marzo 2009.
Architects Foster + Partners have unveiled plans for a new mixed-use development in Paris at real estate summit MIPIM in Cannes, France.
Called Hermitage Plaza, the project will comprise two 323 meter towers incorporating a hotel, spa, apartments, offices and retail space.

Here are some more details from Foster + Partners:

Foster + Partners unveils designs for new mixed-use community in Paris at MIPIM
Hermitage Plaza will create a new community to the east of La Défense, in Courbevoie, that extends down to the river Seine with cafés, shops and a sunny public plaza at its heart. Revealed by Foster + Partners at MIPIM in Cannes, the project incorporates two 323-metre-high buildings – the tallest mixed-use towers in Western Europe – which will establish a distinctive symbol for this new urban destination on the Paris skyline.

The result of a close collaboration with EPAD, the City of Courbevoie, Atelier de Paysage Urbain and Département de Hauts-de-Seine, the project is intended to inject life into the area east of La Défense by creating a sustainable, high-density community. Due to start on site in 2010 and complete by the end of 2014, the two towers accommodate a hotel, spa, panoramic apartments, offices and serviced apartments, as well as shops at the base.
Forming two interlocking triangles on plan, the buildings face one another at ground level. Open and permeable to encourage people to walk through the site, the towers enclose a public piazza which establishes the social focus. As they rise, the towers transform, turning outward to address views across Paris. The glazed façade panels catch the light, the sun animating different facets of the buildings as it changes direction throughout the day. The angle of the panels promotes self-shading and vents can be opened to draw fresh air inside, contributing to an environmental strategy that targets a BREEAM ‘excellent’ rating. The diagrid structure is not only highly efficient - doing more with less - but it emphasises the elegant proportions of the towers.
A crystal-shaped podium building contains office space, with two detached satellite buildings housing a gallery and auditorium that further extend the public realm. The piazza – created by burying the existing busy road beneath a landscaped deck – slopes gently downward to the water’s edge, which is lined with new cafés and restaurants. Locking into the existing Courbevoie and EPAD masterplans, the project will reinforce the regeneration of the riverfront.

Norman Foster said:
“Hermitage Plaza will create a 24-hour community that will regenerate the riverfront and inject new life into a predominantly commercial part of the city. A light catching addition to the Paris skyline, the development will also provide a public piazza that leads down to the river’s edge to create a new destination for the city.”


Urban Mediaspace by Schmidt Hammer Lassen

11 marzo 2009.
Schmidt Hammer Lassen (SHL) architects have won an international competition to design Urban Mediaspace, which will be the largest public library in Scandinavia.
Urban Mediaspace will be realised on the waterfront at Aarhus in west Denmark.

The library is intended as a social hub, not just a place to house books. It has interior and exterior recreational spaces and the capacity to double as an event space.
The library is part of wider plan to regenerate the old cargo docks on the Aarhus harbour.

More on Urban Mediaspace:

Schmidt Hammer Lassen architects to build largest library in Scandinavia
Scandinavia’s largest public library will be realized on the waterfront of Aarhus in western Denmark.
The architects behind Aberdeen University Library and Sheffield’s Learning Centre to design largest public library in Scandinavia.

Award-winning practice Schmidt Hammer Lassen architects (SHL Architects) has won an international competition to design “Urban Mediaspace,” the largest public library in Scandinavia. The € 228 million scheme, located in Aarhus, Denmark, will become a new visual and cultural focal point for the city whilst pioneering the next generation of library design.
SHL Architects was announced the winner on Tuesday (4th March) after an extensive consultation process with the Municipality of Aarhus; the other practices involved in the competition were a partnership between the Dutch firm Mecanoo and GPP Architects from Denmark and A-Team - a collaboration between two Danish companies, AART and Arkitema.
SHL Architects’ innovative, 30.000 m2 scheme reassesses traditional concepts of library design. Instead of a building focused around books, “Urban Mediaspace” is a hub of social interaction, incorporating interior and exterior recreational spaces for studying, socialising, and relaxing. The building will also have the capacity to host multi-media and cultural events.
“Urban Mediaspace” is part of a wider plan to regenerate the old cargo docks on the harbour front, connecting it to the old city centre. The competition jury described SHL Architects’ design as “a beautiful and highly-functional city harbour space, reflecting a deep understanding of the challenges faced when designing a public library. The new areas will offer flexible and exciting spaces with many possibilities for socialising and contemplation.”
The building’s distinctive heptagonal-shape design will be a landmark in Aarhus. The library’s offices will have impressive panoramic views over the harbour with steps leading out on to the waterfront. SHL Architects’ design connects the library to the Aarhus River by creating an external recreational area that will run along the south side of the “Urban Mediaspace.” The building’s glazed façade will create light, well-ventilated interior spaces whilst also making the inside of the library visible to passersby, inviting the community inside.

HL Architects has established itself as a leader in the design of libraries through their consistently innovative buildings that reflect the practice’s track record of delivering versatile and democratic designs. SHL Architects’ UK-based library projects include, Aberdeen University Library and the Library Learning Centre in Sheffield – a two and a half storey library complex which will provide exceptional facilities for teaching and learning.
Partner of SHL Architects Kim Holst Jensen said: “We are delighted to have won such a prestigious and culturally important project. At SHL Architects we believe that library design is about more than just books. Libraries revolve around people and should provide flexible spaces for social interaction as well as studying. “Urban Mediaspace” further establishes the practice as leaders of this democratic, social kind of library design.”
Facts About “Urban Mediaspace”
Area: 30.000 m2 above ground. 30.000 m2 subterranean parking
Height: 25 m
Construction sum: € 228 million
Competition year: 2008-2009
Competition type: Restricted, international

Project Partner: Kim Holst Jensen
Client: The Municipality of Aarhus and Realdania
Engineer: Alectia (DK) ?Landscape
Architect: Kristine Jensen (DK)?Quantity
Surveyor: Capita Symonds (UK)
Other consultants: Artists Bosch & Fjord (DK), ?Library Consultants from The Danish School of Librarians Dr. Art Henrik Jochumsen and Dr. Art Casper Hvenegaard Rasmussen